What measures will be taken against a public body that or a person who carries out reprisal?

If the Québec Ombudsman decides to conduct an administrative investigation and concludes that the person has indeed suffered reprisal, it recommends corrective action. It sends its recommendations to the highest ranking administrative official within the public body concerned, or if the circumstances warrant it, to the minister responsible for the public body.

When the Québec Ombudsman decides to carry out a penal investigation and, after investigation, considers that the evidence is sufficient, it forwards the file to the Director of Criminal and Penal Prosecutions so that the possibility of prosecution can be assessed.

Anyone found guilty of such an offence is liable to a fine ranging from $2,000 to $20,000. The fine can reach $10,000 to $250,000 for businesses, associations or legal persons. These fines may be doubled for subsequent offences.

See the Handling of reprisal complaints section for further information.